Bram Bogart

b. 1921

1921 - Born Abraham van den Boogaart on 12 July, Delft, The Netherlands. Father Abraham van den Boogaart, a blacksmith, and mother Cornelia Stichter. He has an older brother named Geer.

1933 - Registered at Technical School where he learns to be a house painter.

1935 - Undertakes a two year drawing course by correspondence.

1936 - Leaves Technical School and works as a house painter.

1937 - Begins work for advertising company, Leo Mineur in Rotterdam.

1939 - Bogart begins his career as a painter, showing his first works at Bennewitz.
The 2nd World War commences.

1940 - Manages to escape ?mandatory work? in Germany.

1943 - In order to furnish an acceptable excuse to the occupying army, Bogart registers at the Fine Arts Academy in The Hague.

1944 - Goes into hiding in Delft but continue to paint.

1946 - Hitch-hikes to Paris, he rents a ?chamber de bonne?. Over the next few years he will move between France and Holland.

1947 - Falls ill and returns to Delft where he is hospitalised for several months. In the autumn he returns to France, this time staying in the south.

1948 - Works with direct application of pure colour paint from the tubes and develops a system based on the autonomy of colours.

1950 - Moves to Le Cannet, where he experiments for the first time with mixtures of oil and water-based paints. He creates a series of paintings inspired by the buildings of Grimaldi ? and other structures of the same period ? by forcing himself into giving his canvases a cement and chalk aspect characteristic of these constructions.

1951 - In January, he goes back to Delft, where the Lamvert Van Meerten Museum devotes an entire exhibition to him. In April shows at the Bennewitz Gallery in The Hague.
In May returns to Le Cannet.

1954 - His oil-paint takes on a thickness, the colours become more sober. He paints numerous monochromes in white or in black.

1958 - He meets Jean Dypréau and Serge Vandercam, which allows him to show his work for the first time in Brussels at the Carabin Gallery, and meets a compatriot, Abelina Sjoukje Vos, nicknamed Leni, born in Eindhoven 4 October 1936.

1959 - Shows in Dusseldorf at J-PWilhelm, goes to Brussels, to the rue du Méridien.
Exhibits at the Palais des Beaux-Arts in Brussels. In the autumn he goes to Rome where he produces a dozen canvases for the Attico Gallery. He is a regular at the Rosati café, where he meets numerous Italian artists and his compatriot, de Kooning. Like de Kooning who was eventually to become American, he is deeply hostile to the cultural policy of the Dutch museums.

1960 - Bogart moves to rue du Méridien, Brussels. The painters, Van Anderlecht and Jef Verheijen introduce him to art dealer and collector, Han Liechti. Returns to Rome and works there until November when he goes back to Brussels, this time renting an apartment on the rue Bodenbroeck (Place du Grand Salon).

1961 - He starts painting in his new workshop in March, this time the paintings are larger, the colours denser, brighter and the paint continues to thicken. Takes part in a large exhibition, Forum 61, in Ghent. In Paris, the Halle-aux-cuirs building, home to so many artists, is destroyed. Amongst them, Bram Bogart was the one who had been there the longest.

1962 - In February, he marries Abelina Sjouke Vos. He shows at Gérard Monjien?s Gallery, Le Zodiaque, in Brussels; his work, De Gelen (The Yellows), is purchased for the Musée National d?Art Moderne.

1963 - He does a series of large canvases, baptising them himself as stemming from his ?Bodenbroek Period?. After painting Bodenbroek 63, the final work of the series, he moves to Ohain, in Belgium?s Brabant Wallon Province.

1964 - Birth of his daughter Cornelia,15 January. His1963 work, Lokland, allows him to share the Guggenheim prize, awarded in New York.

1965 - The thickness of his paintings lessens, and the signs of his early1950s work reappear. He is awarded the1963?64 Belgian Critics Prize in Charleroi.

1967 - Birth of his daughter Inge, 5 January.

1969 - Bogart acquires Belgian citizenship. He is awarded the Europa Prize for painting in Ostende.

1970 - He takes part in the Venice Biennale.

1971 - Birth of his son Bram, 5 April.

1972 - His work undergoes a profound change: the matter is not only applied far more directly and playfully, but actually begins to overflow the edges, giving his work their Baroque character.

1973 - At the Brussels Palais des Beaux-Arts, he shows his work produced over the five previous years.

1974 - Because of the recent thickening of the paint, he modifies the way his supports are consolidated, adopting metal stretchers, which in turn leads him to changing his mode of presenting his work.

1977 - Exhibits in Bonn at Marianne Hennemann?s gallery; an accompanying monograph written by Manfred de la Motte is published. The book also includes the most important of the critical texts devoted to his work.

1978 - A large retrospective of his work is shown in the Alexandra Monett Gallery in Brussels.

1981 - The Veranneman Foundation organizes a retrospective (1950?81), which is shown at the Knokke Casino.

1984 - Retrospective (1950?78) at the Boymans van Beuningen in Rotterdam and at the Museum of Contemporary Art in Ghent. The catalogue is written by Jan Hoet.
Retrospective at the Prinsenhof Museum in Delft.

1987 - Wins the Jules Raeymaker Prize for colour, awarded by the Royal Academy of Belgium.
A fire breaks out in his new studio during building works, fortunately very few works are destroyed.

1988 - The Lannoo printers in Tielt publish a work entitled Bram Bogart ou la Fidelité, with a text written by Francine-Claire Legrand.

1989 - David Hughes writes and publishes a catalogue, Bram Bogart ? The Early Years 1951?1965 Paris-Rome-Bruxelles. The Editions de la Difference publish an essay by Marcel Paqyet in the ?L?Autre Musée? collection, entitled Bram Bogart ou les Puissances de la Mati `ere. Engraver Bernard Pras develops a special technique known as ?aqua-gravures?.

1990 - Petra Reed organizes an exhibition of his work at the Andre Emmerich Gallery in New York, where he travels for the first time. Marcel Paquet and Michel Van Loo make a film entitled Bram Bogart, Fenetre de la Lumi`ere.

1991 - Creates the very first multiple haut-relief on paper, produced by Bernard Pras and Yveline Tropea, who initiated the technique.

1992 - Liliane Thron-Petit makes the film Bram Bogart for the ?Portrait of an Artist? series shown on RTL-TV1 in February.

1993 - Contributes fourteen canvases to the international exhibition, ?Masters of Matter? at the Dutch Museum at s?Hertogenbosch.

1994 - Works on two large, sixteen-meter-high sculptures, intended to be placed in front of the VBS bank in Utrecht, Holland.

1995 - From June to September, the Museum of Modern Art in Ostend puts on the largest exhibition ever devoted to the work of Bram Bogart.

1997 - Has exhibitions in Venice, Italy; Basel, Switzerland and Barcelona, Spain.

1998 - Has exhibitions in Portugal and Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

1999 - Retrospective (1939?99) of 85 paintings at the Espace Museal Bellevue, Biarrtiz.

2001 - Travels to Thailand for the exhibition at the Bangkok National Gallery.

2002 - Has exhibitions in New York and France.

2003 - Bogart is hospitalised with back problems from years of working bent over using heavy materials. It is only next year that he is back into his rhythm.

2004 - Has exhibitions in Paris, Spain and Belgium.

2005 - An exhibition of 55 years of paintings is held in Germany. Lives and works in Belgium.

Solo Shows

1943 Galerie Bennewitz, The Hague, The Netherlands

1950 Galerie Martin Cruson, Cannes, France

1951 Museum Lambert van Meerten, Delft, The Netherlands
Galerie Bennewitz, The Hague, The Netherlands

1953 Galerie Bennewitz, The Hague, The Netherlands

1954 Galerie Creuze, Paris, France
Galerie De Eend, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

1955 Galerie Creuze, Paris, France
Galerie Franc, Frankfurt, Germany
Galerie Bennewitz, The Hague, The Netherlands

1956 Galerie Bignou, Paris, France
Galerie C.C.C., Schiedam, The Netherlands

1958 Gimpel Fils Gallery, London, England
Galerie Carabin, Brussels, Belgium

1959 Galerie 22, Düsseldorf, Germany
Rotterdamne Kunstkring-Museum, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Musée Boymans-van Beuningen, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, Belgium
Galerie L?Attico, Rome, Italy
1960 Galerie Apollinaire, Milan, Italy
Galerie Helios Art, Brussels, Belgium

1961 Galerie Bernard, Grenchen, Switzerland
Salon des Realites Nouvelles, Modern Art Museum, Paris, France
Galerie L?Attico, Rome, Italy
1962 Galerie Le Zodiaque, Brussels, Belgium
Sundsvalls Museum, Sundsvall, Sweden

1963 Gummesons Konstgalleri, Stockholm, Sweden
Lorensbergs Konstsalong, Göteborg, Sweden
Galerie Aujourd?hui, Brussels, Belgium
Galerie des Beaux-Arts, Biel, Switzerland
Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, Belgium

1964 Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, Belgium
Galerie Nova Spectra, The Hague, The Netherlands
Galerie Friedrich-Dahlem, Munich, Germany

1965 Galerie Internationale d?Art Contemporain, Paris, France
Galerie Ad Libitum, Antwerp, Belguim
Galerie Bernard, Soleure, Switzerland
Östersunds Museum, Östersunds Sweden
Galerie Carrefour, Brussels, Belgium

1966 Gävle Museum, Gävle, Sweden
Musée des Beaux-Arts, Verviers, Belgium
Galerie Westing, Odense, Denmark
Galerie Bleue, Stockholm, Sweden

1967 Konsthalle, Göteborg, Sweden
Galerie Contrast, Ghent, Belgium
Stedelijk Museum, Schiedam, Holland
Galerie Veranneman, Brussels, Belgium
Konsthall, Lunc, Sweden

1968 Länsmuseet, Jönköping, Sweden
APIAW (Cercle d?Art), Li`ege, Belgium
Galerie Westing, Odense, Denmark

1969 Galerie Larsson, Gävle, Sweden
Stedelijk Museum de Lakenhal, Leiden, The Netherlands
Galerie Bleue, Stockholm, Sweden
Galerie Orez, The Hague, The Netherlands
De Moriaan, ?F-Hertogenbosch, The Netherlands
Galerie Eklund, Umea, Sweden

1970 Galerie Senior, Rome, Italy
Galerie Etalo, Ardooie, Belgium
Galerie Center, Antwerp, Belgium

1971 Galerie Bernard, Soleure, Switzerland
Belgisches Haus, Cologne, Germany
Galerie Collection d?Art, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Galerie Kuhn, Aachen, Germany
Galerie Pro Arte, Morges, Switzerland
Galerie Flat 5, Bruges, Belgium
Galerie Annemarie Verna, Zürich, Switzerland

1972 Galerie Plus-Kern, Ghent, Belgium
Galerie Kontakt, Antwerp, Belgium
Galerie Collection d?Art, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Badischer Kunstverein, Karlsruhe, Germany
Studio La Mano, Antwerp, Belgium

1973 Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, Belgium
De Warande (Cercle d?Art), Turnhout, Belgium
Galerie Laurent, Geneva, Switzerland
Kumstmesse, Stand Galerie Lens Fine Art, Düsseldorf, Germany

1974 Galerie Salone Annunciata, Milan, Italy
Galerie Lens Fine Art, Antwerp, Belgium
Triennal, Beurshallen, Bruges, Belgium

1975 Galerie Collection d?Art, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Galerie 92, Ostersund-Fröson, Sweden

1976 Fondation Veranneman, Kruishoutem, Belgium

1977 International Art Gallery, Lasne, Belgium
Galerie Orez Mobiel, The Hague, The Netherlands
Forum Kunst, Rottweil, Germany
Galerie Hennemann, Bonn, Germany
Galerie Georg Nothelfer, Berlin, Germany
Galerie Dobbelhoef, Kessel, Belgium

1978 Galerie Switzerland de Paris, Paris, France
Galerie Alexandra Monett, Brussels, Belgium
Galerie Vecu, Antwerp, Belgium
Galerie Collection d?Art, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

1979 Galerie L?Aturiale, Li `ege, Belgium

1980 International Art Gallery, Lasne, Belgium
Galerie Nouvelle Images, The Hague, The Netherlands
Kunstmesse, Stand Galerie Dobbelhoef, Basel, Switzerland
Galerie Tambaran, Deventer, The Netherlands

1981 Galerie Hennemann, Bonn, Germany
Fondation Veranneman, Casino de Knokke-le-Zoute, Belgium

1982 International Art Gallery, Lasne, Belgium
Galerie Fabien de Cugnac, Brussels, Belgium
Galerie Collection d?Art, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

1983 Galerie L?Aturiale, Casino, Knokke-le-Zoute, Belgium
Red and Blue Gallery, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Salle Koninklijke, Dekenij St. Pietersstation, Ghent, Belgium
Building des Assurances Générales, Ghent, Belgium

1984 Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Museum van Hedendaagse, Ghent, Belgium
Galerij Schalien Hoeve, Puurs, Belgium
Stedijk Museum het Prinsenhof, Delft, The Netherlands

1985 Fondation Veranneman, Kruishoutem, Belgium

1986 Galerie Marianne Hennemann, Bonn, Germany
Internationl Art Gallery, Lasne, Belgium

1987 Galerie Baumgarten, Freiburg, Germany
Galeria Singulier-Pluriel B. Hamburski, Brussels, Belgium

1988 The Mayor Gallery, London, England, A Retrospective Exhibition
Galere Willy d?Huysser, Knokke-le-Zoute, Belgium

1989 Galerie Protée, Paris, France, A Retrospective Exhibition, 1952?1989

1990 André Emmerich Gallery, New York, USA
Galerie Art du XX si `ecle, Brussels, Belgium, Estampes en relief
Galerie Magnus Fine Arts, Ghent, Belgium, Works on paper 1953?1981
Sophie Van Morekerke and Axel Verhoustraeten Galleries, Brussels, Belgium
The Mayor Gallery, London, England
Praxis Galerie de Arte, Santiago, Chillie
Galerie Pascal Retelet, Charleroi, France
Galerie Willy Schoots, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

1991 Interior Art Gallery, Adornes Hallen, Bruges, Belgium
Galleria San Carlo, Milan, Italy, Opere dal 1955 al 1991
Galerie Protée, Paris, France

1992 Galerie Protée, Toulouse, France. Peintures et gouaches
Galerie Cogeime, Confrontation, Casino, Knokke-le-Zoute, Belgium
Galerie Jamine Dessers, Hasselt, Belgium
Centre Culturel Le Botanique, Brussels, Belgium, A Retrospective Exhibition, 1939?1992

1993 Reflex Modern Art Gallery, Amsterdam The Netherlands
Galerie Protée, Toulouse and Paris, France

1994 Avanti Galleries, New York, USA

1995 PMMK, Museum voor Kunst, Ostend, Belgium, Bram Bogart Retrospective Paris, Brussels, Ohain, Kortenbos

1996 Galerie Willy Schoots, Eindhoven Kunstmesse, Frankfurt, Germany
Museu Pinacoteca do Estado, São Paula, Brazil
Avanti Galleries, New York, USA

1997 Galerie Venice Design, Venice, Italy
Cotthem Gallery, Barcelona, Spain, A Retrospective Exhibition

1998 Galerie Remy Bucciali, Colmar, France
Galerie Mário Sequeria, Braga, Portugal
Willy Schoots Gallery, Kunstrai, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Enrico Navarra Gallery, Paris, France

1999 Willy Schoots Gallery, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Espace Muséal de Bellevue, Biarritz, France, A Retrospective Exhibition 1939?1999
Musuem of St Lizier, France
Féte de la Mati`ere, Bussells Town Hall, Belgium
Musée d?Art Moderne et d?Art Contemporain, Nice, France
Musée de Beaux-Arts de Tours, Tours, France, A Retrospective Exhibition

2000 Musée de Beaux-Arts de Mons, Mons, Belgium, A Retrospective Exhibition
Galerie Protée, Paris, France

2001 Galerie Bloem-Bloem, Halle-Zoersel, Belgium
Galerie d?Arte Contemporanea, Palazzo Ducale, Pavullo, Italy
Galerie Venice Design, Venice, Italy
Galerie Willy Schoots, Kunstrai, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

2002 Marlborough Gallery, New York, USA
Galerie Guy Pieters, St Paul de Vence, France
Galerie Weihergut, Salzburg, Austria
Galerie Pro Arta, Zürich, Switzerland

2004 Galerie d?art Inter Atrium, Barcelona, Spain
Monos Art Gallery, Li`ege, Belgium
Galerie Guy Pieters, Knokke-Heist, Belgium
Musée d?Art Moderne et d?Art Contemporain, Li`ege, Belgium

2005 Kunsthalle, Reckling Hausen, Germany, A Retrospective Exhibition 1950?2005

200 Fine Art Society, London, England

2007 Salon des Grand Antiques, Pierre Bergé, Brussels
Bernard Jacobson Gallery, London

Selected group exhibitions

195 Musée Prinsenhof, Delft, The Netherlands

1956 Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Suermonat Museum, Aachen, Germany

1957 Musée et Prinsenhof, Delft, The Netherlands

1958 Palais des Beaux-Arts, Charleroi, Belgium
Städtisches Museum, Leverkusen, Germany
Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Drentsmuseum, Enschede, The Netherlands

1959 Musée d?Arte Moderne, Vienna, Austria

1960 Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Paris, France
ICA, London, Matter Painting
Tooth Gallery, London
Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Salon des Réalités Nouvelles, Musée d?Arte Moderne, Paris, France

1961 Museo Civico, Turin
Musée de Li`ege, Belgium

1962 Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

1963 Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, Belgium
Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

1964 The Soloman R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, USA

1965 Palais des Beaux-Arts, Charleroi et St-Pieters Abdik, Ghent, Belgium
Finch College Museum of Art, New York; Stanford Museum, Connecticut, USA
Musée Rath, Geneva, Switzerland
Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, Belgium
1966 Palais des Beaux-Arts, Charleroi, Belgium
Musée de Louvre, Paris, France
Kunsthalle, Berne, Switzerland

1967 Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, Belgium
Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Palais des Beaux-Arts, Charleroi, Belgium

1968 Musée des Beaux-Arts, Antwerp, Belgium
Musée des Beaux-Arts, Mons, Belgium
Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, Belgium
Musée de Lakenhal, Leiden, The Netherlands

1969 Städtische Kunstgalerie, Bochum, Germany
Centraal Museum, Utrecht, The Netherlands

1970 Musée des Beaux-Arts, Mons, Belgium

1971 Malmö Museum, Kalmar Konstmuseum, Sweden
Museo de Arte Moderno, Mexico, Mexico
Stand Galerie George Kaspek, Basle, Switzerland

1972 Musée Cantini, Marseille, France
Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, Belgium
Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Kunsthistorische Instituut, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

1973 Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels; Casino, Knokke-le-Zoute; Museum van Bommelvan Dam, Venlo, Belgium

1974 Kunsthistorische Instituut, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Musée de Reims, Reims, France

1975 Palais des Beaux-Arts, Charleroi; St-Pieters-Andij, Ghent, Belgium
Musée de Neuch °atel, Neuch °atel, Switzerland
Musée d?Ixelles, Brussels, Belgium

1976 Museum van Hedendaagse Kunst, Ghent, Belgium

1978 Fondation Veranneman, Kruishoutem, Belgium

1980 National Gallery of Ireland, Dublin, Ireland
Ghent Museum of Contemporary Art, Ghent; Stedelijk Museum, Lokeren, Belgium

1981 Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Provincial Museum voor Moderne Kunst, Musée de Lakenhal, Leiden, The Netherlands
Musée d?Ypres, Ypres, Belgium
Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, Belgium

1982 Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, Belgium
Musée de Beaux-Arts, Le Havre, France

1983 The Hague Museum, The Hague, The Netherlands

1984 Stedelijk Museum de Lakenhal, Leiden, The Netherlands
Musée des Beaux-Arts, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium

1988 Yurakucho Art Forum, Tokyo, Japan

1989 Musée d?Art Moderne, Ghent, Belgium

1990 Tokyo Fair, Tokyo, Japan

1991 Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, Belgium
Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam
Hunter College City University, New York, USA
Centre d?Art Georges Pompidou, Paris, France

1993 Municipal Museum, Cognac, France
Noordbrabants Museum, s?Hertogenbosch, The Netherlands
Musée Municipal, Cognac, France

1994 Musée d?Art Moderne, Ostende, Belgium

2001 Deutsches Meers Museum, Stralsund-Ausstellung, Germany
Museum van Bommel Van Dam, Venio, The Netherlands
National Gallery Bangkok, Bangkok, Thailand

2002 Kunstmuseum, Brussels, Belgium
Fries Museum, Leeuwarden, The Netherlands
Winterthur, Switzerland

2003 National Art History Museum, Luxembourg, Luxembourg

2004 Musée du Luxembourg, Paris

2007 Gallery Clement, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Selected collections

Groeninge Museum, Belgium
Stedellijk Museum Voor Actuele Kunst, Ghent, Belgium
Musée d?Art Moderne et d?Art Contemporain, Nice, France
Stedelijk Museum Schiedam, The Netherlands
Calderara Foundation Collection, Milan, Italy
Centraal Museum Database, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium
State Museums of Florence, Italy